Unrealistically optimistic subjects tend to perceive themselves as being less at risk compared to pessimists, as far as questions of health are concerned, and furthermore believe themselves more capable of preventing such problems from happening [ 4 ].
One who is optimistic is believed to have a better outlook on life in general and this can lead to a greater physical well-being of health and psychological well-being as well. In reference to oncological patients, Schulz et al.
Poor coping has adverse effects on medical outcomes, both in terms of lengthening hospital stay and increasing mortality [ ]. Ironically, our faith in modern medicine has proven that we can produce the same desirable outcomes without the use of medicine.
A study of psychological stress: A brief description of beliefs and practices for health professionals related to birth, contraception, diet, death, and organ donation is provided elsewhere [ ].
This overiew is an attempt to explore optimism concept and its relations with mental health, physical health, coping, quality of life and adaptation of purpose, health lifestyle and risk perception.
This research is being published in journals from a wide range of disciplines, including those in medicine, nursing, physical and occupational therapy, social work, public health, sociology, psychology, religion, spirituality, pastoral care, chaplain, population studies, and even in economics and law journals.
Positive Character Traits With regard to character traits, the findings are similar to those with positive emotions. This conflict has manifested in the clinical work of many mental health professionals, who have generally ignored the religious resources of patients or viewed them as pathological.
In addition, importance of religious or spiritual expression was related to significantly higher white blood cell count, total lymphocyte count, total T cells, and cytotoxic T cell activity.
The role of optimism in the quality of life has also been investigated in depressive disorders emerging in patients suffering from somatic pathologies, such as acute coronary syndrome, for instance in which a significant inverse correlation was found between dispositional optimism and level of satisfaction in life on one hand and depressive symptoms emerging after the cardiovascular event on the other hand [ 12 ].
Dispositional optimism and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in a prospective cohort of elderly dutch men and women. The optimists were able to better cope with the distress by using their positive perspective to buffer the negative emotional effects of the divorce.
Several studies showed the GHQ is a valid and reliable measure that can estimate prevalence and severity of psychological disorders. Optimism and Physical Health The effects of optimism on our physical health are derived from the understanding that stress causes physical symptoms.
Optimism, social support and psychosocial functioning among women with breast cancer. Armata and Baldwin concluded that optimism worked to reduce stress levels that intensified physical digestive problems through the use of efficient coping mechanisms.
More recent studies have indicated that smokers have a significantly lower perception of risk in comparison with non-smokers [ 52 ]. In fact, it is thought that optimism facilitates adaptive behaviours and cognitive responses that consent negative information to be elaborated more efficiently and that are associated with greater flexibility and problem-solving capacity [ 3 ].
Dispositional and explanatory style optimism as potential moderators of the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal ideation. Optimistic individuals are positive about events in daily life. Chaplains have extensive training on how to do this, which often involves years of education and experience addressing spiritual issues.
Strutton D, Lumpkin J. Trying to avoid having to deal with stress and pain allows greater distress to develop from letting negative emotions successively influence our perspective of our lives and ourselves. Cited here are both positive and negative studies reporting significant relationships.
Not surprisingly, the physical health consequences of not smoking are enormous. May 14, · OPTIMISM AND PHYSICAL HEALTH. From the literature here reviewed, it is apparent that optimism is a mental attitude that heavily influences physical and mental health, as well as coping with everyday social and working life.
Scheier MF, Carver CS. Self-regulatory processes and responses to health threats: effects of optimism.
• Find a peer reviewed article which discusses the effects of optimism on physical and psychological health. • Write a to word paper summarizing the article and stating your opinion on the validity of the study or studies. Optimism "heavily influences physical and mental health," concluded a study published in May in the journal Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health after researchers followed more than.
The effects of optimism on our physical health are derived from the understanding that stress causes physical symptoms. “Researchers from the University of Wisconsin discovered that when people exhibit negative emotions, their immune response is weakened.
Search Harvard Health Publishing. Put simply, what you eat directly affects the structure and function of your brain and, ultimately, your mood. the fact that diet appears to play a role in mental as well as physical health (as well as dementia) must be taken very seriously.
Find a peer reviewed article which discusses the effects of optimism on physical and psychological health. (You may need to find two articles in order to cover both the physical and the psychological areas). Write a to 1,The affects of optimism on psychological and physical health%(2).Peer reviewed that discusses the affects of optimism on physical health